My World

The world according to me!

Swine Flu

As of Saturday, June 27 the number of Swine Flu cases in Trinidad & Tobago reached 54. Don’t worry I’m feeling fine, and hopefully you are too. So lets keep it that way. Below I’ve posted an email from the World Health Organisation with instructions  on how to protect yourself. Give it a read through, and just practise basic hygiene.

God bless.

Updated 14 June 2009

What can I do to protect myself from catching influenza A(H1N1)?  The main route of transmission of the new influenza A(H1N1) virus seems to be similar to seasonal influenza, via droplets that are expelled by speaking, sneezing or coughing. You can prevent getting infected by avoiding close contact with people who show influenza-like symptoms (trying to maintain a distance of about 1 metre if possible) and taking the following measures:

  • avoid touching your mouth and nose;
  • clean hands thoroughly with soap and water, or cleanse them with an alcohol-based hand rub on a regular basis (especially if touching the mouth and nose, or surfaces that are potentially contaminated);
  • avoid close contact with people who might be ill;
  • reduce the time spent in crowded settings if possible;
  • improve airflow in your living space by opening windows;
  • practice good health habits including adequate sleep, eating nutritious food, and keeping physically active.

What about using a mask?

What does WHO recommend?  If you are not sick you do not have to wear a mask. If you are caring for a sick person, you can wear a mask when you are in close contact with the ill person and dispose of it immediately after contact, and cleanse your hands thoroughly afterwards.  If you are sick and must travel or be around others, cover your mouth and nose. Using a mask correctly in all situations is essential. Incorrect use actually increases the chance of spreading infection.

How do I know if I have influenza A(H1N1)?

You will not be able to tell the difference between seasonal flu and influenza A(H1N1) without medical help. Typical symptoms to watch for are similar to seasonal viruses and include fever, cough, headache, body aches, sore throat and runny nose. Only your medical practitioner and local health authority can confirm a case of influenza A(H1N1). What should I do if I think I have the illness? If you feel unwell, have high fever, cough or sore throat:

  1. stay at home and keep away from work, school or crowds;
  2. rest and take plenty of fluids;
  3. cover your nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing and, if using tissues, make sure you dispose of them carefully. Clean your hands immediately after with soap and water or cleanse them with an alcohol-based hand rub;
  4. if you do not have a tissue close by when you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth as much as possible with the crook of your elbow;
  5. use a mask to help you contain the spread of droplets when you are around others, but be sure to do so correctly;
  6. inform family and friends about your illness and try to avoid contact with other people;
  7. If possible, contact a health professional before traveling to a health facility to discuss whether a medical examination is necessary.

Should I take an antiviral now just in case I catch the new virus?

No. You should ONLY take an antiviral, such as oseltamivir or zanamivir, if your health care provider advises you to do so. Individuals should not buy medicines to prevent or fight this new influenza without a prescription, and they should exercise caution in buying antivirals over the Internet.

What about breastfeeding?

Should I stop if I am ill? No, not unless your health care provider advises it. Studies on other influenza infections show that breastfeeding is most likely protective for babies – it passes on helpful maternal immunities and lowers the risk of respiratory disease. Breastfeeding provides the best overall nutrition for babies and increases their defense factors to fight illness.

When should someone seek medical care?

A person should seek medical care if they experience shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, or if a fever continues more than three days. For parents with a young child who is ill, seek medical care if a child has fast or labored breathing, continuing fever or convulsions (seizures). Supportive care at home – resting, drinking plenty of fluids and using a pain reliever for aches – is adequate for recovery in most cases.. (A non-aspirin pain reliever should be used by children and young adults because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome.)

Should I go to work if I have the flu but am feeling OK?

No. Whether you have influenza A(H1N1) or a seasonal influenza, you should stay home and away from work through the duration of your symptoms. This is a precaution that can protect your work colleagues and others.

Can I travel?

If you are feeling unwell or have symptoms of influenza, you should not travel. If you have any doubts about your health, you should check with your health care provider.

The following excerpts are from a statement by the T&T Minister of Health, Senator the Honourable Jerry Narace. (June 9th)

WHO DECLARES LEVEL 6

  • This decision was taken based on geography and the extent of the spread throughout the world, NOT the severity of the disease. GLOBAL AND LOCAL UPDATE
  • Globally and as of yesterday, June 10th, 74 countries had officially reported 27,737 cases of influenza A(H1N1) infection, including 141 deaths. In Trinidad and Tobago the reported cases are now 4. The patients are isolated and they are doing well. All proper measures for their care and treatment have been taken. PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE
  • There is no cause for panic, but there is cause for serious concern.
  • We have a very active and effective Inter-Ministerial and Inter-Agency Committee for Pandemic Preparedness that have scaled up their activities at all levels;
  • All of our public health facilities are on high alert and they have specific protocols in place to respond to this situation
  • We have received additional supplies of Tamiflu (the preferred drug of choice for the treatment of H1N1);
  • We have also received an additional 450 kits of Personal Protective Equipment;
  • PAHO has made available to us appr. $ TT 440,000 to assist us in the Influenza A (H1N1) response;
  • Our focus right now is to REDUCE THE SPREAD IN OUR OWN COUNTRY, Trinidad & Tobago.

. RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE PUBLIC

  1. Wash your hands often with soap and water or with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer;
  2. Cough or sneeze into a tissue or your elbow instead of into your hands and properly dispose the tissue;
  3. Avoid contact with people who have respiratory illnesses.

If you have a flu-like illness:

  1. Stay home from work or school and limit contact with others to avoid infecting them;
  2. If you can, delay your travel;
  3. Generally when you travel, if you must, ensure you practice good hand and respiratory hygiene.
  4. Anyone who develops flu-like symptoms and has traveled or has been in contact with a person who has traveled to the affected countries in the past seven (7) days should IMMEDIATELY visit his or her nearest health center or doctor.
  5. If you do NOT have any symptoms, you do NOT need to be tested.
  6. If you do develop flu-like symptoms, please visit your doctor or nearest health center and they will guide you accordingly
  7. Personal health responsibility is key to disease prevention.

For more details please visit the Health Ministry’s website at www.health.gov.tt.

This specific post is public information. So you can print it out and distribute it to those who’d otherwise not have access to this information.

Health,WHO,Swine Flu Protection

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